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The 14 Year Old Indian Boy Who Invented Email turned 52 on Dec 2nd 2015. But how many of us know that, Shiva Ayyadurai an Indian-American scientist invented Email when he was just 14.

Ayyadurai was born to a Tamil Family in Bombay. At the age of seven, he left with his family to live in the US. In 1978, aged 14, he developed a full-scale emulation of the interoffice mail system which he called “E-mail”. It replicated all the functions of the interoffice mail system: Inbox, Outbox, Folders, Memo, Attachments, Address Book, etc. These features are now familiar parts of every email system.

Studying at Livingston High School in New Jersey, Ayyadurai began his work on the email system for the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. He closely observed that the desktop of each secretary, in addition to the typewriter, had an Inbox, Outbox, Drafts, Carbon Copy Paper, Folders, Address Book, Paper Clips (for attachments), etc, which they used each day to create and process incoming and outgoing mail.

Then he conceived an electronic version of this system. He created a computer programme of over 50,000 lines of code, which electronically replicated all the features of the interoffice mail system. On August 30, 1982, the US government officially recognized Ayyadurai as the inventor of email by awarding him the first US Copyright for Email for his 1978 invention. Yet his name is nowhere in modern history of computer science. Whoever claims the invention, Ayyadurai will remain the father of E-mail. Hope he gets the name in history he deserves.

Deva Bhatt added 4 new photos.

 

Deva Bhatt's photo.
Deva Bhatt's photo.Deva Bhatt's photo.
Deva Bhatt's photo.

 

 

What if we could use existing technologies to provide Internet access to the more than 4 billion people living in places where the infrastructure can’t support it? Using off-the-shelf LEDs and solar cells, Harald Haas and his team have pioneered a new technology that transmits data using light, and it may just be the key to bridging the digital divide. Take a look at what the future of the Internet could look like.

Harald Haas

 

December 22, 2015 09:12 IST

 

Srikanth Bolla is standing tall living by his conviction that if the “world looks at me and says, ‘Srikanth, you can do nothing,’ I look back at the world and say ‘I can do anything’.”

Srikanth Bolla

When he was born, neighbours in the village suggested that his parents smother him.

It was better than the pain they would have to go through their lifetime, some said.

He is a “useless” baby without eyes… being born blind is a sin, others added.

Twenty-three years later, Srikanth Bolla (pictured left) is standing tall living by his conviction that if the “world looks at me and says, ‘Srikanth, you can do nothing,’ I look back at the world and say ‘I can do anything’.”

Srikanth is the CEO of Hyderabad-based Bollant Industries, an organisation that employs uneducated disabled employees to manufacture eco-friendly, disposable consumer packaging solutions, which is worth Rs 50 crores.

He considers himself the luckiest man alive, not because he is now a millionaire, but because his uneducated parents, who earned Rs 20,000 a year, did not heed any of the ‘advice’ they received and raised him with love and affection.

“They are the richest people I know,” says Srikanth.

Underdog success story : Click here to continue reading… 

 

A Bengaluru based startup called Saankhya Labs has cracked the code for making the Modi’s government much ambitious project ‘ Digital India’, a reality. They have recognised that in order to make the project successful, they will first have start with the country’s rural population.

In order to convert India into an Internet haven, the startup has designed a postage stamp sized chip, called Pruthvi. The tiny chip holds the potential to power a system which makes use of television’s wasted spectrum bandwidth or White Spaces— to beam internet to a number of rural households.

If successful, with Pruthvi, the Benagluru based startup might be able to beat Silicon Valley heavyweights like Facebook, Google and Microsoft.

Notably in 2013, Google, under its ambitious Project Loon, has tested giant balloons that beams Internet to earth below it which company claims could bring web-surfing to rural and remote corners of the world.

Facebook, on other hand, had recently launched Aquila – a solar powered unmanned plane that beams down internet connectivity while in the sky to provide the luxury of Internet to even the remotest of the remote parts of the world, as part of Facebook’s Internet.org effort.

Recent times have seen these big corporations launching various programs in order to boost and support the Indian government’s Digital India initiative.

Saankhya Labs has gone one step ahead of Google and Facebook by successfully developing a chip which it has named – Pruthvi. This Pruthvi-chip powered system called Meghdoot can utilise the existing TV White Space bandwidth available in the country to provide wireless broadband to remote, rural areas.

TV White Spaces is a term technically used to define the unused spectrum (50 – 860 MHz) between active TV channels that are usually used for over-the-air transmission using rooftop antennas and TV towers. In India, this is mainly done by Prasar Bharti.

According to the company, TV White Space Communications is the most preferred wireless alternative for long distance communication. A single base station can reach households that are as far away as 10km – 30km depending on antenna height.

A single 8 MHz channel can provide a data rate of 30 Mbps which can be shared by about 15 users (2 Mbps bandwidth per user) simultaneously. As the number of users increase, additional base stations with directional antennas can be used or more frequencies can be assigned. Additional bandwidth per user can be configured by software. In the future, channel bonding/aggregation techniques will be used to increase the data speed beyond 30 Mbps or to increase the number of users that can be served by one base station. The time to put up the TV White Space network is also shorter compared to other options.

(Left) Antennae with customer premises equipment(Right)SLB802ODU is a White Space Base Station Platform

Left – Antennae with customer premises equipment
Right – Saankhya White Space Base Station Platform

Since the Meghdoot product line matches the Wi-FAR standard, The company is also contemplating conducting trials in the US, the Philippines and Singapore along with a few partners.

The Meghdoot product consists of two things, a base station and a user-side modem that makes use of the TV White Space spectrum from 400 to 800MHz in order to provide Wireless Rural Broadband.

Table comparing the various wireless networks.

Table comparing the various wireless networks.

By not requiring the line-of-sight, the technology ensures longer range, and can serve up to a radius of 10-15km depending on the transmit power and antenna tower height. The range can further be increased with the help of more taller and powerful antennas. Whole Pruthvi and customer base platform has low operative cost comparing to other internet providing platform such WiFi, 3G and what has been tested by facebook or Google.

Saankhya Labs is founded in the year 2007 by Parag Naik, Hemant Mallapur and Vishwakumara Kayargadde, is currently gearing up to conduct trails all across the country. It has collaborated with esteemed Indian institutions like IIT-Hyderabad, IIT-Delhi and IIT-Bombay for the same. Further, there are also in the midst of discussions with technology giant, Microsoft to carry out field trials at Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh.

She is a fun loving girl who’s always scouting for innovative startups and fun entrepreneurs to write about. When not writing, you can find her perched in the corner of her room with her laptop running a serial marathon of her favorite sitcoms.

saankhya_puthvi

What if we could use existing technologies to provide Internet access to the more than 4 billion people living in places where the infrastructure can’t support it? Using off-the-shelf LEDs and solar cells, Harald Haas and his team have pioneered a new technology that transmits data using light, and it may just be the key to bridging the digital divide. Take a look at what the future of the Internet could look like.

A young mind is the sharpest mind. It learns quick and acts quicker. The education system today focuses on books and rote-learning, but times are changing as these young geniuses, who chose to take a different path, have proved. They have picked machines over books and ideas over words.

The IGNITE competition held by National Innovation Foundation – India is a platform that is giving these young minds a place to experiment and innovate, and come up with something extra ordinary. Having started with receiving less than 1,000 entries five years ago, the competition now receives over 20,000 entries from 301 districts in India.

These 26 interesting and impressive innovations by students of various schools across India are worth knowing and applauding-

Click here for the inovative ideas

Courtest : Cyrus Contractor

Disposal of waste plastic is no longer a problem in the steel city with Jamshedpur Utility and Services Company (JUSCO) using bitumen technology on waste plastic, ranging from polybags to biscuit packets, for constructing roads.
Tata nagar roads jamshedpur
JUSCO, a 100 per cent subsidiary company of Tata Steel which maintains and provides municipal services in Tata command area of the city, has constructed 12-15 kms road in the steel city as well as Tata Steel Works besides widening 22 roads using the environment-friendly technology of utilising waste plastic.
Tata nagar roads jamshedpur -jusco
“As far as we know, Jamshedpur is the only city in eastern India where bitumen technology (Dry Process) patented by Thiagarajar College of Engineering (TCE), Tirupparanku ram, Madurai, has been implemented on accumulated waste plastic for the first time”, Gaurav Anand, Senior Manager (Quality Assurance) of JUSCO, said today.
Claiming that there is no maintenance cost involved for the first five years, Anand, who is an environment engineer, said that for every stretch of such one km long and four metre wide road, one tonne of bitumen costing Rs 50,000 is saved.
The use of bitumen has been reduced by 7 per cent ever since JUSCO began using waste plastic in road construction work, he said, adding that the quality and longevity of roads made of waste plastic-aggregate-bitumen was two times better than bitumen road.
roads made from plastic by JUSCO
Describing plastic tar road as a “new pathway”, Pratyush Dandpat, Deputy Manager (Quality Assurance) of JUSCO, said that the technology turned out to be successful.
Besides being water resistant, it has better binding property, higher softening point, can withstand high temperature and higher load, has lower penetration value, costs less as compared to bitumen road and has no toxic gas emission, Dandpat said.
Though there is great demand for the technology, including from Chattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand governments, but “we do not have any plan to commercialise it but to serve society. We have even received a request from Nigeria, which wants to replicate it in their country”, Anand said.
Courtesy : Havovi Homavazir

o the JUSCO initiative, the city will now have strong, durable, eco-friendly roads which will also relieve the residents from the ugly & frightening sight of heaps of plastic waste!!

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